Our nationally ranked department (#7 – US News & World Report, 2011; #6 – Academic Ranking Score, 2005–2010) brings you the best in clinical care for out-patient clinic appointment, as well as in-patient hospital visits. We are a department made up of comprehensive specialists, all of which have not only been trained in pioneering techniques in urologic treatment and surgery, but some of which have also helped create those techniques while here at Weill Cornell Medical College. Our urologists are on the forefront of urologic techniques, treatments, surgeries, as well as complementary medicine. Our department collaborates with other departments in treatment in order to produce the best possible outcome for each patient. This can be seen in our collaboration with the department of OB/Gyn for IVF treatments and in the treatment of female urology/urogynecology, as well as in our collaboration with the department of medicine in our treatment of genitourinary cancer.
The skills and training of our unparalleled faculty create a department that provides our patients with exceptional care, world-class treatment, and individual attention in a calm and compassionate setting within the New York metro area’s Best Hospital (US News & World Report, 2011).
Urology as a field in medicine: Its importance to patient care
Urology continues to be a very popular choice as a surgical field, but the health of urology as a specialty is perhaps best depicted in the 1996 article by Miller et al. (1996). In this article, the authors demonstrated that all residents seeking a job in urology were able to find such positions, whereas up to 10% of other residents were not successful in their specialties. The aging population makes urologic health care needs a priority. Although urology is often considered a small subset of medical care, it is important to remember that almost 45% of men in their 60s are affected by erectile dysfunction (Johannes et al., 2000), nearly 30% of all men will require intervention for benign prostatic disease during their lifetime and prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men (Carter & Coffey, 1990). A high proportion of women are affected by urinary problems, including incontinence. All of these fields and others fall within the domain of urologic specialists.
The term prenatal hydronephrosis refers to dilation of the renal collecting system. The collecting system is the structure that collects urine directly from the kidney tissue and routes it by way of the ureter to the bladder. Hydronephrosis is also known as "swelling of the kidney." Routine use of maternal ultrasound has become more prevalent during the past decade, allowing urologists and pediatricians alike to be informed of possible kidney defects before birth.
Understanding Male Infertility
Infertility affects one in every six couples who are trying to conceive. In at least half of all cases of infertility a male factor is a major or contributing cause. This means that about 10% of all men in the United States who are attempting to conceive suffer from infertility. Historically, infertility has been considered a women's disease. It is only within the last fifty years that the importance of the male factor contribution to infertility has been recognized. The mistaken notion that infertility is associated with impotence or decreased masculinity may contribute to this fear. The good news is that the rapid research advances in the area of male reproduction have brought about dramatic changes in the ability to both diagnose and treat male infertility. The majority of couples suffering from infertility can now be helped to conceive a child on their own.
Causes of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men after lung cancer. It is estimated to be found in as many as half of all men over the age of 70 and in almost all men over the age of ninety. Since the discovery of the blood test for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) in the 1980s, prostate cancer can now be detected at a much earlier stage. In 1999, there were over 250,000 new cases of prostate cancer with 45,000 deaths. The average age of diagnosis is 72 years and 95% of cases are diagnosed between the ages of 45-89.